A dual citizen is considered a person who is a citizen of more than one country.
A dual citizen of the Republic of Armenia is considered a person who is a citizen of the Republic of Armenia and another state (countries).
The dual citizen of the Republic of Armenia is recognized as only a citizen of the Republic of Armenia. The existing norm also refers to citizens of the Republic of Armenia who, after 1 January 1995, have refused RA citizenship without the prescribed order; have accepted or been granted citizenship of another country, as well as citizens who have unilaterally refused citizenship of the Republic of Armenia.
The dual citizen of the Republic of Armenia has all the rights foreseen for citizens of the Republic of Armenia, has all the duties and responsibilities of citizens of the Republic of Armenia, except for cases foreseen by international treaties and laws of the Republic of Armenia.
If a citizen of the Republic of Armenia accepts or is granted citizenship of a foreign state, he/she is obliged to inform an authorized body of the Government of the Republic of Armenia within a month according to the order prescribed by the Government of the Republic of Armenia.
The dual citizenship institute is a novelty in Armenia and, as every mechanism it requires more improvement, mitigation and simplification. This was not intended to cause any trouble for anyone. The RA Ministry of Diaspora has also studied these issues with the RA Police and the Department of Passports and Visas because documents are mainly created and provided by the RA Police adjunct to the RA Government. In the political sense, it was considered appropriate for a person granted RA citizenship to visit the Homeland at least once a year. How do you picture a person who becomes a citizen of a country and has not visited the country at all? A person has to visit the country at least once, especially if he/she wants to become a citizen of that country. This means that he/she must receive the passport only in Armenia. Another issue is that thirty days is a rather short period for receiving a passport, taking into account the fact that people may be busy, ill or out of the country. The RA Government took the decision and lifted this barrier as well. From now on, citizens can receive their passports whenever it is convenient for them, if they have been granted dual citizenship after the signing of the decree of the RA President and have received notice within ten days after that. All other issues are organizational.
The dual citizenship institute, as well as issues related to people’s name and last names, registration and military recruitment and all mechanisms were introduced in Armenia after changes were made in the RA law “On Citizenship” following the constitutional reforms in April 2008. Time showed that they were rather unexplored, as well as neither transparent nor adequate. The adoption of the long-anticipated law disappointed many Diaspora Armenians due to its imperfection and the unnecessary complications that it caused. It seemed as though this once again shattered Diaspora Armenians’ dream of being a worthy Armenian and becoming a part of the Homeland. An example of one of the complications that should be emphasized and set apart is the transcription of the name and last name from English. The transcription from English distorted the name and last name that a person has had for fifty years in Armenian and it had nothing to do with that person’s name. This raised a huge wave in the Diaspora and many Diaspora Armenians refused the Armenian passport. After numerous discussions and complications, the RA Ministry of Diaspora raised the issue with the RA President and by the latter’s assignment, the government took a decision according to which a person writes his/her name and last name in Armenian in the way that it should appear in the Armenian passport. There have not been any complications after this decision. Today we are pleased to say that all Diaspora Armenians don’t have to think twice before acquiring dual citizenship.
Another issue was related to registration due to the fact that a citizen receiving an Armenian passport must be registered in any territory or address in Armenia. This requirement caused complications because Diaspora Armenians were forced to find friends and ask them for their consent to be registered at their addresses in order to receive a passport. This had to do with time, trouble and frustration. For that reason, it was considered appropriate to change the article on registration of citizens in the RA law “On State Registry”. As a result, a change was made in the RA law and, instead of submitting documents for registration all foreigners must be registered by the address in their countries of residence, meaning there is no new obligation.